Bank FD v/s. Bank RD. Which is the better option?
Dec 09, 2014

Author: PersonalFN Content & Research Team

Bank Fixed Deposits (FDs) and Recurring Deposits (RDs) are relatively safe investment options. FDs and RDs are safer than equities as they are not market linked and provide a fixed rate of return. However, many conservative investors are confused when it comes to choosing between these 2 options. PersonalFN is of the view that before you invest in either of these, it is necessary to understand them perfectly.

Bank Fixed Deposits

Bank FDs are term deposits where the investor makes a lump sum investment and earns a higher rate of return in comparison to a savings account, for a specified period of time. At present, the rate of interest on 1 year bank FDs - ranges from 7.75% to 8.75% per annum. The interest earned on FDs is taxed as per one’s income tax slab on accrual basis. If the interest amount exceeds Rs 10,000, the bank would deduct tax at source (TDS) at the rate of 10% p.a.

Bank Recurring Deposits

Bank RDs are also type of term deposits where the investor makes regular and fixed investments every month and earns a rate of return which is similar to those offered by Bank FDs, for a specified period of time. The interest earned on RDs is taxed as per one’s income tax slab on accrual basis, but there is no tax deduction at source.

Now you must be wondering, what is the basic difference between bank FDs and bank RDs?

The difference between bank FDs and bank RDs is the returns earned. Bank FDs generate higher returns and thus accumulate greater wealth for the investor as compared to Bank RDs. This is mainly due to the fact that in a FD, you invest a lump sum amount, which earns interest for 1 entire year (or 12 months). However, in a RD, only the 1st deposit earns interest for 12 months. The 2nd deposit earns interest for 11 months, the 3rd for 10 months and so on. The compounding effect enables bank FDs to generate higher returns for the investor.

What should you do?

PersonalFN believes that the availability and the need of funds should determine which option you should opt for. If you have a lump sum amount which you want to invest, then you may consider bank FDs as they generate higher earnings for the investor as compared to bank RDs. Even while investing in an FD, you must not be too casual in your approach and analyse the product in detail.

On the other hand, if you are a salaried employee, you may be more comfortable in making small and fixed investments every month. Hence, in such a case, a RD would be a more suitable choice. PersonalFN is of the view that in case you have a higher risk appetite, then you can also consider Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs) in equity mutual funds. SIPs not only instill in you the habit of saving regularly but also enable you to earn higher returns vis-à-vis a bank RD over a longer time horizon.

Add Comments


Dec 09, 2014

One important difference and advantage between an RD and FD is that the interest earned in an RD is not taxed.
Dec 10, 2014

Thanks for clarifying the difference between Bank FD and RD. I am embrassed to tell you that though I crossed 65 yrs and invested many times in both RD and FD's, today only I came to know the difference of interest earned by an investor. Thanks once again. Daya Sagar
Dec 10, 2014

The rate of interest is same on both schemes.When  the interest rates are falling are likely to fall in such scenario investor will do better by opening RD account because he will be  earning higher rate for extended period .This is advantageous even for small investor.

May 12, 2015

Very informative. T hanks...........
Oct 12, 2015

It is very good video for one who wants to know the difference b/w RD and FD and to invest their money.


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